Are God and Jesus the Same Being?

Answer: No! Jesus in his earthly ministry frequently mentioned the difference between himself and God, the Father. “You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.” (John 14:28 NASB)

In fact, Jesus said that God sent him to earth and Jesus was doing and saying the things the Father commanded him to say. “The Father who sent Me testifies about Me … (28) I do nothing on My own initiative, but I speak these things as the Father taught Me. (29) And He who sent Me is with Me; He has not left Me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to Him. … (42) for I proceeded forth and have come from God, for I have not even come on My own initiative, but He sent Me.” (John 6:18,28,29,42 NASB). “For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak.” (John 12:49 Diaglott)

The fact that God and Jesus are separate beings makes it possible for Jesus to die for Adam’s sin and God to raise him from the dead as Paul writes in Eph. 1: 19-22 (NASB): “In accordance with the working of the strength of His might (20) which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, (21) far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. (22) And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church.” Jesus could not die and spend parts of 3 days in the earth if he were the Father. (Matt. 12:40)

The fact that Jesus and the Father were separate beings is also reflected in the fact that Jesus frequently prayed to the Father. “Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You, … (4) I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do. (5) Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.” (John 17:1,4,5 NASB)

Jesus did say in John 10:30, “I and the Father are one.” Jesus was not repudiating his other statements saying the Father was greater than himself. Instead, he was declaring his oneness in doing God’s will and saying what God what God commanded. Paul explains this in Heb. 1:2,3 (NASB): “In these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. (3)  And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.” Jesus reflected through his earthly ministry the character, the truth and principles of God.

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